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TECHNICAL MATERIALS: ABS PLASTIC, POLYAMIDE AND POLYCARBONATE

In Plasfur we specialize in plastic injection and design, using the best technical materials in the market to make moulds and pieces.

ABS plastic

ABS is a thermoplastic that meets its name in the acronym of ‘Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene‘, the blocks that make up this polymer. In fact, each of its compounds gives the new material some characteristics that make this plastic a quality technical material with properties such as hardness, stability, resistance to chemical attacks, also to high and low temperatures, toughness, mechanical resistance, rigidity and shine.

All these virtues of ABS entail that it can be found in a multitude of objects and applications. For instance in electronic devices such as computers, televisions and radios. The automotive industry also uses ABS parts. The low toxicity and easy pigmentation of ABS makes it an ideal material for making toys and office supplies.Qualities like the low absorption of water makes it a perfect plastic for bathrooms and wet areas. And of course, the high and low temperature resistance – especially at low temperatures – and shock resistance make it the ideal plastic for outdoor use.

Polyamide

Polyamide is a type of polymer that contains amide-type bonds, a type of material that can be found in nature, such as wool and silk.

Although originally -and still- the polyamide was used to produce nylon textile products, today it is used as injected plastic and is already widely utilized in the plastic industry.

Other materials can be added to the polyamide, this modifies its physical and mechanical characteristics. Materials usually added are graphite, teflon or fiberglass.

The properties of the polyamide are mainly related to its resistance and rigidity: to the shock (it is a shock-absorbing material), it also stands out for its resistance to deformation at hight and low temperatures, to chemical substances, to fatigue, friction and wear, as well as for its hardness and tenacious.

All these properties make it ideal for manufacturing automotive pieces, gear machinery and other pieces which undergo mechanical and friction use.

Polycarbonate

Polycarbonate is a thermoplastic, which means that at some temperature it can be moulded and handled. Polycarbonate polymers have long carbonate chains in their structure, which give the material its name.

The characteristics of this technical material are -below 125ºC- good dimensional stability, good resistance to chemical attacks (with an exception to alkalis), good tenacity and mechanical properties, resistance to impact, transparency and elasticity in finished products.

Polycarbonate products are usually obtained by injection, blowing and extrusion. When polycarbonate injection moulding is used, it is often to produce products with complex geometric shapes (such as design furniture) or when transparency is a required (for instance CDs and DVDs).

This plastic is very abundant in daily life; in the food sector we find it in drums and bottles of mineral water, in architecture in covers and closures, in toys, in photo cameras, cinema and lighting equipment, in office material, security and electronic material, and in one of its most iconic uses CDs and DVDs, among others.

OlgaTECHNICAL MATERIALS: ABS PLASTIC, POLYAMIDE AND POLYCARBONATE